Photo 8 – UBB-HAA-585

Women clearing a hill slope for sowing millet (Fur: “sona”). Men and women have separate fields that they cultivate individually and store the yields in their separately owned granaries (Fur: “nonum”, Arabic: “Dabanga”).

Jebel Si area.

Photo: Gunnar Haaland, 1969

Photo 8 - UBB-HAA-00585

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Photo 9 – UBB-HAA-513

A woman doing the third and last weeding before the harvest. The fertile valleys between the hills are easier to cultivate than the stony slopes, but still much hard labour is involved, particularly in weeding.

Western foothills of Jebel Marra.

Photo: Gunnar Haaland, 1966

Photo 9 - UBB-HAA-00513

Photo 10 – UBB-HAA-217

Weeding millets. During “beer-work parties” (Fur: “tawisa”, Arabic: “nafir”), an individual cultivator (man or woman) mobilizes neighbours (men and women) for work by serving them beer (Fur: “kira” Arabic: “merissa”) and sometimes some food. Refusal to accept an “invitation” is taken as an indication of an “unfriendly” relation.

Western foothills of Jebel Marra.

Photo: Gunnar Haaland, 1969

Photo 10 - UBB-HAA-00217

Photo 12 – UBB-HAA-227

A big beer-work party (Fur: “Bambani”)  arranged by a man to honour his mother in law (Fur: “iya mare”, Arabic: “naseeba”) by inviting a large group of people and providing them with ample amounts of beer (Fur: “kira”) and entertainment for those who participate in the work. One man is blowing on a kudu horn while another one is drumming.

Western foothills of Jebel Marra.

Photo: Gunnar Haaland, 1969

Photo 12 - UBB-HAA-00227